Ponies and horses
From these foundations came the four types – two pony and two horse — that form the basis of all existing equines. Pony type 1 inhabited northwest Europe and was a hardy creature, standing about 12.1 hands. His closest modern equivalents are the English Exmoor pony and the Icelandic horse.
Pony type 2 was bigger, up to 14.2 hands, and closely resembled the Asiatic Wild Horse, being mostly dun in colour with the primitive dorsal or eel stripe.
He is thought to have been influenced by the Forest Horse, and today’s Highland pony, Norwegian Fjord and, to a lesser degree, the Noriker are his closest living relatives. The two horse types are both desert equines, resistant to heat and able to survive on meagre rations of feed and water. The Akhal-Teke and Caspian represent types 1 and 2, and the Arab – the founding father of all modern hotblooded breeds is their most noteworthy descendant.
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